A couple of foundational strategic planning tools are the SWOT, OR SOAR, and Strategic Issues Mapping.
The SWOT provides a framework for teams to explore the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats facing an organization, team or product. You can read a past blog post on this topic here.
The SOAR comes from the Appreciative Inquiry model and encourages us to look at the Strengths and Opportunities facing a team, as well as the Aspirations of the team. In aspirations it is important to be in dialogue around who you as a team want to be, and what your vision is for your future. The R stands for Results, and encourages dialogue around the results a team wants to achieve. As many other writers assert the SOAR does not ignore the weaknesses and threats which are central to the SWOT model. In fact, they are "reframed" in the appreciative approach.
A third tool I find extremely useful in any strategic planning process is Strategic Issues Mapping. Here's what I wrote about it earlier this year. As a visual tool, strategic issues mapping helps to lay out all of the issues which are facing a team/organization/department, along a number of lines - short term/medium term and long term or local, national, global etc.
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Author of Effective Group Coaching and From One to Many: Best Practices of Team and Group Coaching (Jossey-Bass, 2013)